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Medications For Addiction Treatment

Treating Addiction With Medicines


During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. Many recovering addicts are unable to bear the severity of withdrawal symptoms and this makes many of them relapse. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. In order to provide the best possibility of accomplishing sobriety, doctors might adapt medication doses during the progress of treatment.


These medicines can ease withdrawal side effects and desires.


Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing

During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This stage is known as the detox period. It depends on the drug that how last the detox will be, for some days or some weeks.

The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. For those addicts of long term, high dose drug or alcohol abuse the withdrawal symptoms will be more severe.


The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. Symptoms include:

  • Feeling anxious
  • Hopelessness
  • Sickness or feeling sick
  • Uncontrollable shaking
  • Aches in the muscles
  • Excessive perspiration

Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • For stress and irritability reduction.
  • Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
  • Benzodiazepines can help ease these side effects during withdrawal.
  • Since the benzos are potentially addictive too, doctors prescribe them with care.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • Depression in detox in a common symptom as the patient is longer getting the happy feeling from the drug they have taken for a long time.
  • To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
  • Clonidine
  • Sweating, aches, muscle pains and nervousness can be reduced by using Clonidine in the treatment of alcohol and opiate withdrawals.
  • Tremors and fits can also be reduced with the use of Clonidine.

The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.

Speak with someone that can give you assistance in case you are suffering from an addiction.


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Alcohol Addiction Medications

Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. This occurrence is known as prolong or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

PAWS can be comforted through maintenance rehabilitation that may not only reduce hunger but also limit drug desire. Patient take these tablets every day.


Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone prevent receptors in the brain that generate alcohol's satisfying side effects.
  • In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
  • Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
  • It can be administered by injection every four weeks.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
  • This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
  • Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
  • Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
  • This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.

Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.


Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction

Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin are all Opiates. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.

Some people may pass through Heroin and Opiate withdrawal for about a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. The urges to use drugs and PAWS can be treated using long-term replacement medications. Ex-patients can use these medicines as long as they want.

For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:

  • Methadone
  • Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
  • Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
  • The urges to take drugs are contained, and withdrawal symptoms avoided.
  • Discretion and care are needed because some people have been known to develop an addiction to Methadone.
  • Methadone clinics manage the drug on daily routine to avoid abuse.
  • Find out more information about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • Those on Buprenorphine are allowed to take their prescription home instead of visiting the treatment centre daily.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works for both Opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
  • Alcohol and Opiate turns on the similar receptors in the brain so it is for both.

Detoxing And Rehab

Drug addicts when they want to stop addiction sometimes will choose to detox without medical supervision. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.

Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.

A monitored detoxification may relieve health problems. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Doctors adjust the medication for long-term program and as per the need of patients.

Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.

Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.

Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 246 1509.