Explaining Drug Addiction
Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. These alterations in the brain can cause dangerous behaviour in a person who uses drugs. Substance dependency is also a relapsing illness. Relapse means going back after some time, to using the substance one had stopped using.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. Looking for and taking the drugs gets to be distinctly compulsive. The increased length of time that the person's brain relies on drugs to function is the cause of this. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
Yes, yet it's not simple. Drug dependency is a long-time illness from which it is not possible to quit at will and remain clean. Most patients need long haul or rehashed care to quit utilizing totally and recoup their lives.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
- stop using the substances
- Remaining clean
- be a productive member at work, in society and in the family
Standards Of Effective Treatment
These values have been observed since some scientific research was done in the mid-70s as the foundation for a successful recovery plan:
- Though addiction is very complicated, it could heal completely, and it affects the workings of the human brain and human behaviour.
- No single treatment is appropriate for everybody.
- Treatment needs to be readily available.
- Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
- It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
- The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
- A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
- A treatment plan must be evaluated frequently and adapted to suit the changing requirements of the patient.
- Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
- The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
- Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
- Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
- Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Effective treatment consists of several steps:
- detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
- behavioural counselling
- medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
- Making sure that coexisting mental health issues like depression or anxiety are evaluated and treated
- long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.
- Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxification is only an initial stage in the process; it is not a "treatment" on its own. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. According to a study, 80% of detoxifications used medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Patients are helped by behavioural therapy with:
- Change their behaviour toward and the way the think about their drug use
- Upturn healthy life abilities
- Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
- Multidimensional family treatment created for young people with drug abuse issues and their families which addresses a scope of impacts on their drug mishandle designs and is intended to enhance general family working
- Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
- contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. regular outpatient treatment that involves fewer meeting hours few days of the week after the intensive treatment in the bid to ensure a sustained healing process.
Patients dealing with complications caused by long time abuse of drugs may benefit greatly from inpatient also known as residential rehabilitation services. Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme:
- Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
- Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
- There are also recovery housing services aimed at giving a patient a place to stay in the short term as they recuperate from treatment in other establishments. Recuperation housing can help individuals make the move to a free life, for instance, helping them figure out how to manage funds or look for business and also interfacing them to bolster services in the group.
Problems Of Re-Admission
The excessive urge to take drugs could be "triggered" by several factors within the brain, as the workings of the brain is altered by drug abuse. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.